Tuesday, July 31, 2007

Sepracor files patent infringement complaint against Glenmark

Sepracor jointly with University of Massachusetts has moved a civil action for patent infringement against Indian generic drug manufacturer Glenmark Pharmaceuticals alleging infringement of the US Patent Nos. 7,214,683 (the ‘683 patent) and 7,214,684 (the ‘684 patent) covering anti-allergic drug Clarinex, generically known as Desloratidine. The complaint filed in the US District Court for the District of New Jersey, is in response to Glenmark submission of an Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) No. 78-362 with the US Food and Drug Administration seeking approval to commercially market the generic (bioequivalent) version of Clarinex before the expiration of the ‘683 and ‘684 patents. The ‘683 patent covers oral pharmaceutical composition of Desloratidine whereas the ‘684 patent relates to method of treating allergic rhinitis.

Friday, July 27, 2007

Patent Dust: Bakelite - Belgian Genius!

Disruptive Patent: US 942,699 Method of making insoluble products of phenol and formaldehyde Leo H. Baekeland On July 13, 1907 Belgian genius chemist Leo H. Baekeland filed a patent application for a method of making insoluble condensation products of phenols and formaldehyde by the reaction a phenolic body with formaldehyde, and with combine action of heat and pressure against which US Patent No. 942,699 (the ‘699 patent) was issued on December 07, 1909. This ‘699 patent uncovered the first synthetic plastic known as Bakelite which completely revolutionized the manufacturing of everything from buttons to car parts. Baekeland used money from the sale of his first invention – Velox, a photographic printing paper, to Eastman Kodak to start his own laboratory where he developed phenolic resin or Bakelite, a non-flammable plastic that was less expensive and more versatile than other plastics of the day. Later, Baekeland founded the General Bakelite Corp. now merged with Union Carbide and Carbon Corporation. Bakelite was used to make electrical and automobile insulators, and was also used in such diverse products as kitchenware, jewelery, pipe stems, and children’s toys. In 1993 Bakelite was designated as ACS National Historical Chemical Landmark in recognition of its significance as the world’s first synthetic plastic.

Patent Dust!

I am starting a new section labeled ‘Patent Dust’ to uncover and remove dust from known and unknown facts related to patents, patent system, outstanding inventions and inventors etc. which are either forgotten with time or lost in the past. Label will further cover some of the ‘Disruptive Patents’ which entirely changed the facet of customary technology to revolutionized the development of new technology domains, in parallel transforming the human society with its sheer distinction and source of future innovation. My first post comes for Belgian genius – Leo H. Baekeland!

Thursday, July 26, 2007

Valacyclovir Patent Litigation: Ranbaxy Settles with GSK

Ranbaxy, India’s largest generic drug manufacturer has announced to reached an agreement with GlaxoSmithKline to dismiss Valacyclovir US patent litigation over US Patent No. 4,957,924 (the ‘924 patent) covering Valacyclovir hydrochloride, the active ingredient of million-dollar anti-viral drug Valtrex with an annual market sales of US $ 1.3 billion. As per the agreement, Ranbaxy will enter the US Valtrex generic market in late 2009 and will enjoy 180-days market exclusivity. Ranbaxy also obtained license to other two Orange Book listed Patent Nos. 5,879,706 and 6,107,302. Earlier in May 2003, GSK filed a patent infringement lawsuit in the US District Court for the District of New Jersey against Ranbaxy alleging that Ranbaxy’s Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) would infringe the ‘924 patent expiring in June 2009. In February 2007, Ranbaxy received the US FDA final approval to market and manufacture generic Valacyclovir tablets.

Tuesday, July 24, 2007

AstraZeneca Loses Toprol-XL in Court of Appeals

AstraZeneca AB et al. v. KV Pharmaceuticals, LLC et al. US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (CAFC) has affirmed the US District Court’s invalidity ruling on double patenting over the US Patent No. 5,081,154 (the ‘154 patent) which simply reads “Metoprolol Succinate.” Earlier, Astra appealed the grant of summary judgment of invalidity of the ‘154 patent based on double patenting. Citing In re Emert, the Appeal Court agreed with the district court that claim 1 of the ‘154 patent is invalid for obviousness-type double patenting.

Monday, July 23, 2007

Indian Patent System Takes A Step Forward

Union Commerce and Industry Minister Kamal Nath on past Friday launched the e-filing facility for filing patent and trademark applications at a function organized by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP). Mr. Kamal Nath said with the launch of e-filing facilities, applicants would now be able to file their patent and trademark applications from anywhere in the world at any time at their convenience through internet. Payments for e-filings could be made through the payment gateway of authorized bankers. India has now joined elite group of countries such as the US, China, Japan, South Korea, and the Europe which provides e-filing of patent and trademark applications. Mr. Kamal Nath also said the next step would to make Indian Patent Office an International Search Authority (ISA) and an International Preliminary Examination Authority (ISEA) under the Patent Cooperation treaty (PCT). Government Press Release.

Novartis Corp. et al v. Dr. Reddy’s Labs Inc. et al.

Novartis has filed a civil action in the US District Court for the District of New Jersey for the infringement of the US Patent No. 6,162,802 (the ‘802 patent) against Hyderabad-based Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories which earlier filed an Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) No. 77-183 with the US Food and Drug Administration, seeking approval to market amlodipine besylate and benazepril hydrochloride capsules. In its complaint, Novartis alleged that submission of Dr. Reddy’s ANDA would constitute an act of infringement of the ‘802 patent pursuant to 35 USC § 271 (e) (2) which includes Paragraph IV certification as to the ‘802 patent, seeking approval prior to the expiration of the ‘802 patent. The ‘802 patent is related to synergetic combination therapy using benazapril and amlodipine for the treatment of cardiovascular disorders for which Novartis holds an New Drug Application (NDA) under the brand name Lotrel.

Thursday, July 12, 2007

India: Glivec Update

In latest update, the Intellectual Property Appellate Board (IPAB) has reserved its judgment on Novartis’s appeal challenging the appointment of former Controller General of Patents S. Chandrasekhar as a technical member of IPAB. IPAB is currently hearing Novartis appeal against the decision of Indian Patent Office not to issue a patent against its patent application for beta-crystalline form of Imatinib Mesylate. Earlier, Novartis has objected the composition of the IPAB on the grounds that Chandrasekhar was Controller General of Patents when the application for beta-crystalline Imatinib Mesylate was rejected. Novartis counsels argued that IPAB could have one or more technical member in addition to Chandrasekhar or the tribunal could ask the government to appoint another person. However, the Additional Solicitor General V. T. Gopalan defended the appointment of Chandrasekhar and contended that Novartis should have made its objection when the case was shifted to the appellate board by the Madras High Court. He further added, since Novartis had failed to raise the issue before the Madras High Court, it was not right to raise the issue now. He argued that once a statutory order is passed, the tribunal should hear the case and cannot ask the government to appoint another person.

Tuesday, July 10, 2007

Daiichi Sues Mylan for Patent Infringement

Daiichi Sankyo Company Ltd. et al. v. Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc. et al. 2:07-cv-03039 filed June 22, 2007 in the District Court of New Jersey Daiichi Sankyo has filed a civil action for patent infringement in the US District Court for the District of New Jersey against Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc. alleging infringement of the US 5,616,599 (the ‘599 patent) covering chemical compound Olmesartan Medoxomil, one of the active ingredients of Sankyo’s antihypertension drug Benicar HCT tablets. The complaint is in response to Mylan’s submission of an Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) No. 78-827 to the US FDA under Para IV certification seeking approval to market and sell generic Olmesartan Medoxomil and Hydrochlorothiazide tablets before the expiration of the ‘599 patent. In its complaint, Sankyo alleged that Mylan ANDA product would infringe one or more claims of the ‘599 patent under 35 USC § 271 (e)(2).

Friday, July 06, 2007

Pioglitazone Survived Post-KSR Obviousness Standard

Takeda Chem. et al. v. Alphapharm et al. (Fed. Cir. 2007) Ever since the US Supreme Court laid down its KSR ‘common sense’ syndrome, the US pharma industry is being constantly surrounded by the speculations quantifying the impact of the KSR obviousness standards over the ongoing and future patent litigations. However, in one of the major development, the US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (CAFC) has put an end to some of the speculations after it knocks down Alphapharm et al. assertion over the Supreme Court’s decision in KSR v. Teleflex and Federal Circuit’s decision in Pfizer v. Apotex (Norvasc) in challenging obviousness of the US Patent No. 4,687,777 (the ‘777 patent) which covers chemical compound pioglitazone hydrochloride. This case is of great importance to pharma industry as the CAFC meritoriously negate the application of KSR and Norvasc obviousness test to evaluate the obviousness of chemical (species) compound. Last year on February 21, Judge Denis Cote ruled in the favor of Takeda after generic drug manufacturers Alphapharm and Mylan failed to establish obviousness and inequitable conduct against the ‘777 patent. During the district court trial, Alphapharm identified two key prior art literatures – US Patent No. 4,287,200 (the ‘200 patent) and a publication by Dr. Sohda to challenge the obviousness of the ‘777 patent. However, the district court later found that Alphapharm’s arguments failed to show any persuasive evidence, much less by clear and convincing evidence, that one with ordinary skill in the art have had any reasonable expectation or motivation based on the prior art for synthesizing pioglitazone. Moreover, Alphapharm appealed the district court judgment. In its appeal, Alphapharm argued that the ‘777 patent would have been obvious under 35 USC § 103 at the time invention was made. Alphapharm made three distinctive arguments to support its contention for obviousness – First, that the district court misapplied the law, particularly the law governing obviousness in the context of structurally similar chemical compounds. Second, that the district court erred in determining the scope and content of the prior art. Lastly, that the district court erred in numerous legal and factual determinations and certain evidentiary rulings made during course of the trial. The CAFC addressed above arguments by applying time-tested Graham Factors along with the obviousness standards laid down by KSR and Norvasc decisions. To be continued…

Wednesday, July 04, 2007

Sun Eyes Generic Optivar!

Indian generic drug maker, Sun Pharmaceuticals has submitted an Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) No. 78-738 to the US Food and Drug Authority (FDA) seeking approval for marketing and selling generic ophthalmic solution product containing 0.05% azelastine hydrochloride in an aqueous solution for use in treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis. Sun’s proposed ANDA is bioequivalent product to MedPointe’s anti-allergic drug Optivar. On June 22, 2007 MedPointe files a civil motion for the infringement of the US Patent No. 5,164,194 (the ‘194 patent) in the US District Court for the District of Delaware against Sun Pharmaceuticals alleging that Sun’s proposed ANDA would constitute an infringement of the ‘194 patent under 35 USC § 271(e)(2) if approved prior to the expiration date of the ‘194 patent.